Women's inheritance rights in islam

Woman in the Quran

Fourteen centuries ago, through Al-Quran, Allah ordered Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) to guard the rights to female and enhance their decorum. Let us see some verses of Al-Quran. Similar rights are given to men and women As women have duties they have rights also in good manner. Men are superior to women in some aspects. Allah is the wise and the supreme. (Al-Quran 2:228)

Men and Women are clothing to each other. (Al-Quran 2:187) O Men! You are all created from a single man. Have respect on Him. He created the woman, the pair from the man. They both flourished all of us. To whom you all submit your requests obey Him. Be polite with relatives and Allah is watching you all. (Al-Quran 4:1)

Right to amass wealth

Don‟t be greedy over the thing in which Allah has made some of you surpass over the other. Men and women have the rights on what they earned. Pray Allah for His grace. For Allah is aware of everything. (Al-Quran 4:32)

Learning and Teaching

Faithful man and woman are friends to each other. They will guide to do good things and dissuade wrong things. They will accustom five times prayer in its time. Pay off the Zakat as their due in time. They will obey orders of Allah and his Prophet Mohamed (PBUH). Allah will bestow his grace to them. Allah is the Supreme and the Wise. (Al-Quran 9:71)

Women’s inheritance rights in islam

Even if it is less or more, in the wealth left by the parents and the relatives, the men and women have rights. This portion of share is a compulsory duty. (Al-Quran 4: 7)

If your wife does not have heir, you are entitled to half what she had left. If she has child you are entitled quarter of what she had left. This partition is a must and it should be done only after repaying debts and the legacies. If you have no child your wife will get quarter of what you had left. If you have child your wife will get One-Eighth of what you had left. This partition should be done only after repaying debts and the legacies.

If the deceased is either male or female and if they have no child and if they have a brother or sister they will get one-sixth. If it is more they will get one-third after repaying debts and the legacies. All should be partitioned without bothering anybody. This is the order of Allah. He knows well and He is more tolerant. (Al-Quran 4:12)

Allah ordains that a male‟s share should twice of female child. If all are female either one or more they will get twothird of a father. And If he has only one female child, she will get half of the property. If the deceased have heirs the parent of the heir will get 1/6. If the deceased have no heir, the parents will be the heirs.

The mother will get 1/3. If the deceased have a brother, the mother will get 1/6. This partition should be done only after repaying debts and the legacies. You know not whether your parents or your children are nearest to you in benefit. These are settled portions ordained by Allah and Allah is All-Knowing and Wise. (Al-Quran 4:11)

If the deceased has no child but a sister, she will get half of his property. If she does not have child her brother will be her heir. And If she had two sisters they will have 1/3 each. If she had a brother and a sister the brother will get double of sister. Allah instructs this, in order that you will not go astray. Allah knows everything. (Al-Quran 4:176)

The right to select a bride-groom

O! Faithful servants! You have no right to get women by force. You don‟t torture them to take back what you have given to them voluntarily, except when she is guilty of open lewdness. Be polite with her. Allah may have reserved goodness what you hate from her. (Al-Quran 4:19)

Mahr in islam (Mahar = a security received by bride from Bridegroom)

It is a must that a bride-groom should pay Mahar to a bride. You have to pay Mahar to bride and if she gave to you, you may eat it with satisfaction. (Al-Quran 4:4)

You are prohibited to marry a woman, who has husband, except the slaves. This is the law of Allah. You have many other women to marry but not prostitution. You have to pay Mahar. If the bride gave up Mahar, you are not blamed for it. Allah is the Omniscient and the Wise. (Al-Quran 4:24)

Today, which is pure is allowed to you. The food of the people who received scripture is allowed to you, and your food is allowed to them. The widow of the people who received scripture is allowed to you to marry after giving Mahar to her. But lewdness and keeping concubine are not allowed. If any rejects His faith, all his goodness will be perished and he will be the loser in the hereafter. (Al-Quran 5:5)

He said “I wish to give you in marriage one of my daughters, on contract, if you work for me for 8 years. If you completed 10 years, it will be yours. I do not want to give you trouble. If Allah wishes, you will find me righteous.” (Al-Quran 28:27) Wife has right to give up Mahar. Give women their Mahar willingly. If they gave up a part of it to you, you can eat it with cheer and satisfaction. (Al-Quran 4:4)

Woman need not return back her Mahar If want to remarry a woman, after divorcing the previous wife. If you have given a heap of wealth to the previous wife, don‟t snatch away anything from it. While you are in guilty and injustice do you try to snatch it away also? (Al-Quran 4:20) While you have made a solemn covenant and mingled with each other, how can you snatch it away from her? (Al-Quran 4:21)

You cannot demand Mahar on any occasion. Thus divorcing is allowed twice only. After that either they hold together or separate from each other permanently, you have no right to get back anything what you have given to them. While they are living together, if they afraid they cannot maintain the limits ordained by Allah and she give back something for her freedom and there is no blame on both of them. These are the limits ordained by Allah. Do not transgress it. Those who transgress the limits are in guilt and injustice. (Al-Quran 2:229)

Half Mahar for Divorcing before consummation

After fixing Mahar and you want to leave them before consummation, you have to pay generously half of the Mahar. The male to give up generously and it is near to devout (thaqva). You don‟t forget that male is superior to female. Allah is watching well what you are doing. (Al-Quran 2:237)

Woman‟s Right to Remarry

If you divorced women, after their Iddah do not prevent them from remarrying their husbands whom they like. This is an advice from Allah, to those who believe Allah and the Last Day. It is holy and pure. Allah knows and you do not. (Al-Quran 2:232)

If your wives live after your death and they want to remarry, they should wait four months and ten days. When they fulfilled their term, there is no blame on you if they choose their way of life in a just and reasonable manner. Allah knows well what you do. (Al-Quran 2:234)

(During this Iddah period,) if you wish to marry them or talk suggestively about marrying them, you will not be blamed. Say good words. But do not promise. Do not decide to marry till the ordained time elapses. Allah knows that you wish to marry them. So fear Allah. He is forgiving and tolerant. (Al-Quran 2:235)

Economical security for woman after Divorce

There is no blame on you if you divorce women before consummation or the fixation of their Mahar; but bestow them (A suitable gift), the wealthy and the poor according to their means. A gift of a reasonable amount is due from those who wish to do the right thing. (Al-Quran 2:236)

The divorced women should be provided for their livelihood on reasonable scale. It is the duty of those who fear Allah. (Al-Quran 2:241) Keep them in safe shelter. Do not harm them in exigency. If they are pregnant, provide their expenses till they give birth to the child. And If they suckled the child give their expenses and make an agreeable agreement for it.

If they find it difficult, another woman can suckle for the child. Let the man spend according to his means and the man whose resources are limited, let him spend according to what Allah has given him. Allah will not burden on any person beyond what He has given him. After a difficulty, Allah will grant him relief. (Al-Quran 65:6,7)

If the father of child wanted suckles from his divorced wives, the mothers should suckle their offspring for two whole years. But he should bear the cost of their food and clothing on justifiable terms. No soul shall be stipulated to have a burden greater than it can bear. No mother shall be treated unfairly on account of her child. Nor father on account of his child, shall be chargeable in the same way.

If the father of the child died, his heir will bear the burden. (Al-Quran 2:233)

When you divorce women, and they fulfill the term of their Iddah, either take them back or set them free on equitable terms; but do not take them back to torture them, or to go beyond your limit ordained by Allah. If any one exceeds his limit, he does wrong to himself only. Do not try to ridicule the verses of Allah. Remember the benevolences of Allah on you, and the fact that He sent down to you the Book and Wisdom, for your instruction. Beware of Allah, and Allah knows each and everything. (Al-Quran 2:231)

Divorced women should wait for three monthly menses periods. It is not lawful for them to hide what Allah Hath created in their wombs, if they have faith in Allah and the Last Day. Their husbands have the better right to take them back in that period, if they wish for reconciliation. The women shall have rights similar to the rights against them, according to what is equitable; but men have a degree of advantage over them. And Allah is the Ultimate and the Wise. (Al-Quran 2:228)

If the woman fears that her husband may quarrel or neglect her, she can make peace with him or separate from him. Both the parties are not blamed for their decision. But making peace is the best option. Men are stingy by nature. If you are helping each other with the fear of Allah, Allah will be aware of what you are doing. (Al-Quran 4:128)

Divorce is permissible twice only. Then the couples may live together or separate from each other. You have no right to get back what you have given to her. If any one fears that they cannot maintain the limits ordained by Allah it is no blame on both of them if she ransom herself. It is the limits ordained by Allah. Do not disobey Him. Those who transgress His limits are in injustice. (Al-Quran 2:229)

Men and women are equal in Religious endeavors Allah has promised that He will not neglect any action of either men or women without its due reward. You are born out of other. (Al-Quran 3:195) Among men and women those who are faithful believers and entertain noble deeds will enter Heaven. They will never be denied justice even in a least measure. (Al-Quran 4:124)

For the believing men and women who do noble deeds, we will bestow delightful life. For their goodness, we will reward them their recompense. (Al-Quran 16:97) If any one does an evil thing he will be punished to that proportion only. The believing men and women, who do noble deeds, will enter in Heaven, where they will be provided excessively. (Al-Quran 40:40)

Allah has bestowed His gifts to somebody in abundance than the others. Don‟t be greedy over this. Either men or women all of you will get what you worked for. But ask for His benevolence. Allah has complete knowledge of everything. (Al-Quran 4:32) To all faithful men and women Allah has promised Heavenly garden, where the rivers will be running. There will be clean abode of bliss. They will be there forever. Above all is the acceptance of Allah with them and it is the supreme victory. (Al-Quran 9:72)

On the day when you (Mohammad) see the believers, men and women, their light shining forth before them and on their right hands, hear it and inform the glad news of the day “you will be immortal in the gardens where rivers flow below.” This is the supreme triumph. (Al-Quran 57:12)

Allah has prepared forgiveness and exceptional reward for Muslim men and women, for believing men and women, for devout men and women, for true men and women, for men and women who are patient and constant, for men and women who humble themselves, for men and women who give in Charity, for men and women who fast, for men and women who guard their chastity, and for men and women who engage themselves much in the praise of Allah. (Al-Quran 33:35)

Islamic inspirational quotes for difficult times


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