In this article I will cover three things : Firstly ” How to hang pictures ” , then ” How to put up shelves ” and finally “ Fixing a shelf to plasterboard ” . Hope it will be informative .
How to hang pictures
You will need
– Drill and drill bit
– Wall plugs
– Multi-purpose electronic tester
This may sound like a simple feat but how many times have you hung pictures and a week or two later they’ve fallen down? With this fool-proof advice you can picture hang to perfection, after all it’s not as easy as banging in a few nails and hoping for the best. How to hang a picture correctly depends on the type of wall you are working with, generally wall types fall into two categories – masonry and cavity walls.
Masonry walls are made from solid stone or brick, whilst cavity walls are thinner and house electrics and pipe work. When working with masonry walls drill a pilot hole into the wall first and insert a wall plug. Ensure that the wall plug fits into the drilled hole snugly and lies flat against the wall. You can then fix the screw into the wall plug as usual and hang your picture. Never drill above or below light switches or plug sockets!
In these areas, it is likely that there is an electric cable hidden behind the wall and as you can imagine a metal drill bit and electricity don’t quite mix. Use an electronic tester to determine whether there is any danger of encountering concealed electrics.
Cavity walls are much thinner than masonry walls, and contain your home’s pipes and electrics so you have to be careful when hanging pictures. Use a multi-purpose electronic tester before you drill; this handy device is placed onto the wall and emits a signal to alert you of any electrical current or metal pipe work.
In older homes, cavity walls are made from lath and plaster, which consist of thin strips of wood that have been plastered. Lath and plaster lies on vertical and horizontal timber strips, also known as ‘studs’ and ‘noggings’.
It is not recommended that you hang a picture on lath, it is too weak to support heavy items like mirrors and large frames but the timber strips that hold the lath and plaster in place make the perfect surface to insert a screw to hang a picture.
Tap on the wall and listen – when you encounter lath it will sound hollow but with a timber strips, a more solid sound will be heard.
How to put up shelves
You will need
– Spirit level
– Masonry drill bit
– Wall plugs
– Shelf kit (including fixings)
Once your decor has been finished, you may want to add some shelves toyour walls to declutter your room further. Firstly decide on the position of your shelves and use a pencil to mark the shelf height onto your walls.
Make sure the mark is discreet and can be covered easily by the shelf; you don’t want to ruin your freshly painted or newly papered walls. Before you mark further, use a multi-purpose electronic tester to ensure that there are no pipes or electrics residing underneath the wall surface.
Once you are satisfied that it is safe to install a shelf in that position, you must ensure that you install the shelf level; use a spirit level to mark the positions of your brackets. Make sure that the brackets are positioned no more than 600mm apart, as this could lead to the shelf bowing, especially if you use it to display heavy items.
Also if you intend to paint your shelves, do this before installation and allow to dry before fixing to the wall. Select the masonry drill bit and drill pilot holes into the bracket markings you just made. Drill to the depth of the wall plug, instead of guessing, it may be useful to position the wall plug against the drill bit and mark its depth by wrapping masking tape around the bit
Multi-purpose electronic tester
If you are putting up shelves on a solid brick or block wall, use the drill on the hammer action setting to drill more effectively. Once you have made your holes, insert the wall plugs, checking that they fit snugly.
If the wall plug is loose, insert a bigger wall plug. Next fix in the brackets by inserting screws into the wall plugs; finish by attaching the shelf to the bracket, the shelf will either clip in or be fixed via screws or panel pins, read the manufacturer’s instructions which come with the shelf before attaching to the brackets.
Fixing a shelf to plasterboard
If you intend to fix the shelf onto a plasterboard wall, choose a cavity wall plug when drilling into the wall. The shelf itself should be fixed directly to the timber studwork underneath, instead of the plaster and lath of the plasterboard wall. Do the ‘tap test’ to identify the stud wall; you should hear a solid sound when you hit the timber rather than the hollow noise created by the lath.
© Copyright 2012 Localtraders Online Ltd.
Written by Brittany Moodie
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